November 02 2018 0Comment


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Actually the ‘Mean Stack’ & ‘Full Stack’ components are open source it means free to use for ‘JS Developers’. Basically the web development is divided into two components in which first one is called ‘frontend development’ and second one is called backend development. Now let’s see what’s actually and how it works.

What Is Mean Stack Development?

MEAN is a collection of JavaScript-based technologies — Mongo DB, Express.js, AngularJS, and NodeJs — used to develop web applications. From the client and server sides to databases and it is a full-stack development toolkit.


AngularJS is the only technology in the stack that’s part of the front-end component. It’s a framework for JS which controls the behavior of all the different elements that are displayed on web pages and are visible to viewers. This technology makes client-side scripting faster and more convenient by adding important functionalities to the base language.


MongoDB is a database program and is among the most popular NoSQL databases, which are databases that store and model data in structures other than the tables used by relational databases such as MySQL. As opposed to the tabular structure of relational databases, MongoDB, being a document-oriented database, stores data as documents, which encapsulate all associated information corresponding to a specific database object.

Node Js

Node.js is a JavaScript runtime environment, meaning it allows JavaScript code to be executed on the server side, where it can access and send instructions to the computer’s processor and memory. JavaScript was initially a purely client-side scripting language, meaning it could not be used to write backend codes, which are executed on the server side. Node.js expanded JavaScript’s power further by giving it server-side capabilities, and whereas JavaScript used to be restricted to the frontend component, Node.js extended its power to the backend world, thereby giving rise to the JavaScript full stack developer.


Just as there are many frontend frameworks for JavaScript to make the lives of developers exponentially easier, there are also backend frameworks for it. Express.js is a framework for Node.js, meaning it builds on top of the base language to provide developers with a rich set of features commonly used in web and mobile applications. It is the de facto framework for Node.js, meaning in practice, most of the developers who use Node.js for backend development also use the Express.js framework.

Now Let’s See, “How Mean Stack Works” With This Below Diagram:

What Is Full Stack Development?

A Full-stack Web Developer Is Someone Who Is Able to Work on Both the Front-end and Back-end Portions of An Application. Being A Full-stack Developer Doesn’t Mean That You Have Necessarily Mastered Everything Required To Work With The Front-end Or Back-end, But It Means That You Are Able To Work On Both Sides And Understand What Is Going On When Building An Application.

Simply put the four technologies in the MEAN, which we already discussed makes Full Stack Development uniform, because the four technologies involved use, to some extent, the JavaScript programming language: AngularJS, Node.js and Express.js are all frameworks based on JavaScript, while MongoDB stores data in a format similar to the one used by JavaScript to store data. Therefore, full stack development with the MEAN stack becomes seamless and feels unified, and using it leads to performance gains and reduction in development time and subsequently, development costs.

One question then arises: Are MEAN stack developers considered full stack developers? The answer here, of course, is a resounding “Yes”. A MEAN stack developer is a full stack MEAN developer because he develops both the frontend and backend components of websites. However, the converse is not true: a full stack developer is not necessarily a MEAN full stack developer, because a full stack developer can use any technology stack for development, MEAN stack being just one of them. Other popular technology stacks are LAMP stack, Django stack, and Ruby stack. Note that the actual order in which these technologies are positioned in the stack, from frontend to backend, is AngularJS Node.js Express.js MongoDB, so ANEM would be a more accurate acronym that captures its stack order, but MEAN is used as it is a more memorable acronym. With this in mind, let’s take a look at each of the four technologies in the MEAN stack in the correct order, and examine the roles that each one plays in full stack web development.

If You Want To Become A Full-Stack Web Developer, Below Is A List Of Programming & Scripting Languages Which You Should Learn:

  • HTML & CSS,
  • JavaScript,
  • Back-End Language(Such as: NodeJS, Mongo DB[No SQL DB], SQL, C#, PHP, Java, Ruby & Python),
  • Database & Web Storage(Use Of Languages According To Situations),
  • HTTP & Rest API,

Written By: Sanjay Kumar

Posted By: Sachin Pal


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